Project 1 - The Relationship Between Nutrition and Disease

  General Information

Lead Teacher(s): Ms. Kara Bourgeois
(kabourge@calvin.stemnet.nf.ca)

School: St. Michael's RHS
Box 400
Bell Island, NF
A0A 4H0
Tel: (709) 488-2828
Fax: (709) 488-3800
Grade Level: Biology 2201 (Level 1)
Number of Students: 21
Project Start and Finish Dates: February 27 April 30, 1998

  Project Overview

The main focus of Biology 2201 is the study of the major organ systems such as the respiratory system, circulatory system, immune system, and the nervous system. There are a great number of diseases and disorders associated with each system. In this age of science and technology, many advances have recently been made and are continuously being made in the field of medicine. This project is intended to examine the recent research developments in diseases such as AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and heart disease.

A portion of this course also deals with the importance of nutrition. A number of disorders such as scurvy, rickets, anemia, beriberi, thyroid difficulty, and osteoporosis develop as a result of a deficiency in various vitamins and minerals. Many of these disorders are common in developing nations but can also result due to a poor diet and lack of education in any part of the world.

The purpose of this project would be to stress the importance of a well-balanced diet and how a healthy diet may function as preventative medicine. Many types of food have recently been attributed to the prevention of such disorders as heart disease and cancer. It is well documented that supplements of folic acid during pregnancy can lead to the prevention of disorders such as spina bifida. Appropriate amounts of calcium in younger years can prevent the development of osteoporosis in women in later years.

Well-balanced diets have also lead to the control of diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and inflammatory bowel disease.

Each student will be expected to develop a research paper examining the relationship between nutrition and a specific disease taken from those listed in the above text.

  Curriculum Connections

This project meets course objectives in various areas especially Social Studies and Language Arts.

The Grade 5 Social Studies Program in the text The Atlantic Edge: Living in Newfoundland and Labrador Chapter 2 "Living Environment" describes some of the symbols that identify and unite Canadians. Chapter 5 "Settlement Patterns" traces some of the major events that led to settlement patterns in the province such as the effects of wars.

Learning Outcomes:

Students will:

  • To become knowledgeable in the causes and symptoms of a particular disease;
  • To become familiar with the recent research developments in the treatment of a particular disease;
  • To determine the connection between nutrition and the onset or control of a particular disease.

Technology Education Learning Outcomes:

This project should result in the following Technology Education outcomes:

  • being able to access the Internet and more specifically to utilize the various search programs such as Netscape;
  • being able to use bookmarks for future reference;
  • being able to contact other people (various experts in the field) through e-mail;
  • being able to download to a disk or to print a hardcopy;
  • being able to access material at Memorial University Library;
  • being able to access various newsgroups.

  Evaluation

  • Behavioral checklist of the necessary skills for each student to access information on the internet;
  • Behavioral checklist of the necessary skills needed to efficiently access pertinent information via the various search engines;
  • Each student will be required to maintain an information portfolio containing hard copies of web sites visited, and e-mail communications. These portfolios will be structured to include a minimum number of documents from a variety of information categories;
  • Each student will be expected to write a research paper using the information they have gleaned from the internet and other sources;
  • Students will be expected to give a formal presentation on their research paper.
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